Krause, Jana. 2018. Resilient Communities: Non-Violence and Civilian Agency in Communal War. Cambridge University Press.
  • 2019 Lee Ann Fujii Award for Innovation in the Interpretive Study of Political Violence, Interpretive Methodologies and Methods (IMM) Section of the American Political Science Association, sponsored by Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group
  • 2019 Finalist, Conflict Research Society Book of the Year Award

Paperback available at 20% off on the Cambridge University Press website with discount code RECO2020.

Book Cover

RESILIENT COMMUNITIES focuses on civilian agency and mobilization ‘from below’ and explains violence and non-violence in communal wars in eastern Indonesia (Ambon/Maluku Province) and central Nigeria (Jos/Plateau State). The book makes two major contributions to the study of political violence, resilience, and peacebuilding. First, it develops a typology for the analysis of communal conflicts and their escalation and defines communal wars. Second, the book offer a comparative analysis of vulnerable communities in conflict zones and their (un)successful prevention efforts. It demonstrates how under courageous leadership resilient communities can emerge that adapt to changing conflict zones and collectively prevent killings. The book’s systematic analysis of communal violence, (non-)escalation, and social resilience has important implications for the study of civilian agency, civilian protection, and local peacebuilding.

Read Introduction: Krause_Resilient Communities_Excerpt


‘In exploring how and why low-intensity episodes of violence organized around religious identities sometimes escalate into full-fledged ‘communal wars’, this book underlines the dynamic interplay between locals and outsiders, while also highlighting civilian agency under conditions of exceptional duress. With this important and timely study based on extensive fieldwork in Nigeria and Indonesia, Krause succeeds in furthering our understanding of political violence.’
Stathis Kalyvas – Gladstone Professor of Government, University of Oxford

‘Krause’s analysis of communal violence in Nigeria and Indonesia makes an important contribution to our understanding of instances when non-violence trumps hatred in ethno-religious conflicts. Her work importantly advances our understanding of how peaceful communities and their institutional capacity emerge, and how people preserve non-violence in the context of a changing conflict zone.
Kristen Monroe – University of California, Irvine

‘In this fascinating study, Jana Krause turns conflict studies on its head: rather than only asking why violence breaks out, she asks why violence did not occur in some communities. Based on exceptional fieldwork, this eloquent book points to the power of local leadership and collective agency. In a field of study that can sometimes write individual actors out of the story, Krause’s analysis brings people, community, and agency back in. Hers is a remarkable study that has lessons for scholars, students, and policymakers alike.’
Scott Straus – Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor of Political Science and International Studies, University of Wisconsin, Madison

‘This is an excellent book: precisely the kind of detailed, field-based analysis needed for a deeper understanding of the nature and dynamics of communal conflict. The book sheds an important light on the ways in which populations and communities caught up in war adapt and respond to the exceptional circumstances in which they find themselves. Krause has made an important contribution to the field.’
Mats Berdal – King’s College London

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